When studying diseases or testing potential drug therapies, researchers usually turn to cultured cells on Petri dishes or experiments with lab animals, but recently, researchers have been developing a different approach: small, organ-on-a-chip devices that mimic the functions of human organs, serving as potentially cheaper and more effective tools.
Now, researchers have built a new device that’s especially good for modeling atherosclerosis — the constriction of blood vessels that’s the leading cause of heart attacks and strokes. In a paper appearing this week in APL Bioengineering, from AIP Publishing, researchers illustrate how the new device can be used to study important inflammatory responses in cells that line the vessel in ways that could not be done in animal models. The research team also explains how this organ-on-a-chip could improve blood testing for patients. Continue reading “Organ-on-a-chip could improve blood testing for patients”
Microsoft plans to use AI software to transform healthcare market, launches new dedicated division
Microsoft is setting up a new healthcare department at its Cambridge research facility, as part of plans to use its artificial intelligence software to enter the health market. The computer giant has created the division as part of its commitment to “transform healthcare” using technologies such as machine learning and cloud computing.
Its research plans include monitoring systems that can help keep patients out of hospitals and alert them in a timely manner about problems, and large studies into diseases such as diabetes. Continue reading “Microsoft plans to use AI software to transform healthcare market, launches new dedicated division”
Mind Labs to develop virtual humans for training purposes in healthcare
Together with 13 partners, Tilburg University will start a project totaling 7 million euros to develop virtual humans for training purposes in healthcare. The project called VIBE (Virtual Humans in the Brabant Economy) is the first project in Mind Labs, the initiative on interactive technologies and behavior set up in the Tilburg Spoorzone area.
The European Union, OP Zuid, the Ministry of Economic Affairs, the Province of North Brabant, and the city of Tilburg have funded this collaboration. In addition to Tilburg University (principal investigator), various partners are involved, including knowledge institutions (NHTV Breda, Fontys, ROC Tilburg), hospitals (Amphia, Maxima Medical Center and Spaarne Gasthuis), industry (BlueTea, IC3D Media, Indicia, Noldus, Samure, Visionair3D) and the Netherlands Aerospace Center. Continue reading “Mind Labs to develop virtual humans for training purposes in healthcare”
World’s first super-microsurgical intervention with ‘robot hands’ at Maastricht UMC+
Surgeons operate on lymphatic vessels of 0.3 millimeters using Microsure surgical robot
Plastic surgeons at Maastricht UMC+ have used a robotic device to surgically treat lymphedema in a patient. This is the world’s first super-microsurgical intervention with ‘robot hands’. The surgeons used the robotic device to suture vessels of 0.3 to 0.8 millimeter in the arm of the patient. The robotic device, created by Eindhoven company Microsure, enhances the surgeon’s precision, making this type of procedure easier to perform. The patient is doing well and the surgeons are enthusiastic. The news of this extraordinary operation has been announced on 27 September, at the 26th World Congress of Lymphology, in Barcelona. Continue reading “World’s first super-microsurgical intervention with ‘robot hands’ at Maastricht UMC+”
High-precision surgical robot for cochlear implantation, developed by Swiss researchers
A team of surgeons and engineers of Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, and the ARTORG Center for Biomedical Engineering Research, University of Bern (Switzerland), have developed a high-precision surgical robot for cochlear implantation. In the same way that avionics allow a pilot to fly a plane by instrument solely based on read-outs from the cockpit, the surgical robot developed by the researchers for RCI has the capabilities to perform surgery that a surgeon cannot carry out manually without a robot.
Continue reading “High-precision surgical robot for cochlear implantation, developed by Swiss researchers”
In the application field of medical robotics the experiences from high tech precision motion systems is being used successfully. Examples are an eye surgical robot with unique accuracy levels, enabling new operations, and a micro surgical instrument with haptics for use in reconstructive surgery. For the care sector the developments are focussing on world-modelling and smart algorithms. We make also use of our experience as a worldchampion in soccer robotics!
About prof.dr.ir.Maarten Steinbuch
Maarten Steinbuch is a Distinguished University Professor at Eindhoven Universityof Technology (TU/e), where he is head of the Control Systems Technology group of the Mechanical Engineering Department. He is also Director of the TU/e Automotive Systems Graduate Program and Scientific Director of the TU/e High Tech Systems Center and of the Centre of Competence for High Tech Systems of the Federation of Dutch Technical Universities. He has over 12 years of industrial experience with Philips Research Labs and Philips Center for Manufacturing Technology. He is Editor-in-Chief of the IFAC journal on Mechatronics.
About Eindhoven University of Technology
Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e) is a research university specializing in engineering science & technology. Our education, research and knowledge valorization contribute to: (i) science for society: solving the major societal issues and boosting prosperity and welfare by focusing on the Strategic Areas of Energy, Health and Smart Mobility, (ii) science for industry: the development of technological innovation in cooperation with industry and (iii) science for science: progress in engineering sciences through excellence in key research cores and innovation in education.
This work presents an important step forward towards increasing the independence of people with severe motor disabilities, by using brain-computer interfaces (BCI) to harness the power of the Internet of Things. We demonstrate how the concept of shared control —which interprets the user’s commands in context— empowers users to perform rather complex tasks without a high workload. Continue reading ““Think to navigate: A BCI Telepresence Robot for People With Severe Motor Disabilities” – Robert Leeb, CNP-EPFL”
Artificial intelligence and concerns over the long term consequences has come up again in the news week in the form of a Scientific American blog musing over how artificial intelligence will evolve. There is a certain amount of hand wringing over AI and, to a lesser extent, its branches such as machine learning and natural language processing. Continue reading “4 ways healthcare is putting artificial intelligence, machine learning to use”